How to Overcome an Empty But Full Hardisk / Flashdisk - How to bingGo
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How to Overcome an Empty But Full Hardisk / Flashdisk

Hard disks and Flash disks that don't contain any file contents, but are full often occur due to viruses, logical file system errors, or physical

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Hardisk and Flashdisk that don't contain any file contents, but are full often occur due to viruses, logical file system errors, or physical damage. Even though we have deleted some files and cleaned junk files until they are empty, the hardisk is still full and always appears error warnings.

This will cause us to not be able to save other files and can also cause other programs to crash and Windows to be slower than usual.

To overcome this, there are several ways that can be tried, on this occasion bingGo will try to provide several solutions to overcome empty but full hardisks and flashdisks.

1. Fix disk errors

The first, easiest way to do this is to try to fix errors that occur on disk using CMD (Command Prompt).

The problem of a full hardisk even though there are no files or the number of files should not be large is generally caused by errors in the logical file system which can be fixed by scanning using CHKDSK.

CHKDSK or check disk is a tool that was developed to check and repair damage to hardisk and flashdisk. This tool is available on all versions of Windows so Windows 10, 8, and 7 users can use it.

Here's how:
  1. Open Command Prompt with Administrator access permissions.
  2. Type the command: CHKDSK D: / f / r / x 
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  3. Press enter.
  4. Wait until the scanning process is complete
Information:
  • D: is the drive you want to repair, it should be replaced based on the drive you are using, such as C: D: E: F: and so on.
  • / f functions to make repairs if an error occurs.
  • / r detects bad sectors on the disk and performs the recovery.
  • / x functions to dismount the disk that you want to repair.
The scan process will take a long time depending on the capacity of the hardisk or flashdisk used, the bigger it is, the longer it is. Just wait for the process to finish, then see if the problem still appears or has been resolved.

2. Clean the virus

When the storage capacity used does not match the actual file size, you may suspect it is due to a virus.

A hardisk, flashdisk, or SD card that is infected with a virus may have a larger used capacity compared to the files on it because the virus steals some of the storage space. But because viruses have the ability to hide themselves, we may not be able to see them without using assistive tools.

To fix this, we can use an antivirus to scan the virus which is the cause of the problem. After the virus is found, we just need to clean it, and if we are lucky the problems it causes will disappear without having to take any other steps.

You can use a trusted antivirus such as Malwarbytes, Norton, or Kapersky for scanning. For those who don't like installing antivirus, then you can try cleaning the virus using CMD, how can you see in this post: How to clean a virus with CMD.

3. Show hidden files (hidden files)

When there is a problem with the Hardisk or Flashdisk that is full but the file is empty or the size does not match what is displayed then you can try to display all the files on the disk. This problem might be caused by trivial things like hidden files, so we can't see them.

In Windows how to show hidden files on disk is very easy, follow these steps:
  1. Open Windows Explorer.
  2. Click the File menu.
  3. Click File Explorer Options or Change folder and search options in Windows 10. 
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  4. Click the View tab.
  5. Find and check the option Show hidden files, folders and drives. 
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After all the files are displayed you can double-check what the actual capacity is, and see if it matches the description of the used hardisk space.

Sometimes there are some files that remain hidden even though we have made the settings as above, these files are usually hidden  viruses. So the hardisk or Flashdisk looks like there are no files in it, but the capacity is fully used.

I often find Flashdisks infected with shortcut viruses, all the files on it turn into shortcuts and the original files are hidden. To display it again we can use CMD, see the following method.

How to show files hidden  viruses:
  1. Open Command Prompt with Administrator access permissions.
  2. Type the name of the disk you want to repair, for example, if the disk is F then type F:
  3. Press enter.
  4. You will see that our position has moved to F: \>
  5. Type attrib -s -h -r / s / d *. * 
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  6. Press enter.
Information:
  • Attribute is a command to change file attributes.
  • -s removes the file system attribute.
  • -h removes the hidden file attribute.
  • -r functions to remove the read only attribute.
  • / s command to apply all the attributes that have been set on each folder, file, and subfolder that is in it.
  • / d command to apply attributes to every folder on the disk.
After doing the trick above, you can check the hardisk or flashdisk again, if indeed the cause is hidden by a virus then all files should appear again now. Check again, whether the size of the file is in accordance with the space used, do not forget to clean files that are not needed and are suspected of containing viruses.

4. Scan using the Cleaner application

Junk files such as cache, temporary files, unused system files, logs, leftover configuration files, and the like can also cause hardisk and flashdisk that are full but look empty. This file is usually hidden and can only be cleaned if we format it or clean it with a cleaner application.

You need to try these steps to make sure the disk used is clean from these junk files, use one of the best PC Cleaner Applications that we have recommended.

If you don't want to install additional applications, you can use the Disk Cleanup feature that comes with each version of Windows. This tool can also clean junk files on the hardisk very well. The steps can be seen here: How to use Disk Cleanup in Windows

After scanning you will see how big the detected junk files are and then delete them. Thus we will get a new empty space. Apart from that doing cleaning like this will also help speed up loading Windows as a whole.

5. Reduce the disk size used for System restore points

The final step in dealing with a hardisk that is full but does not exist or is empty is reducing the space used for System restore points.

In the previous post we have provided a tutorial on how to create and use a System restore point, this feature is useful as a backup if one day there is an error on our computer. By using it, we can return the system to a healthy state where errors have not occurred, and this method is the most practical and powerful way to solve various errors.

But the problem is that a restore point will use up some hardisk space as a storage medium, if you have limited disk capacity, reducing the restore point will give you a new amount of space so that the hardisk doesn't fill up quickly.

How:
  1. Open the Control Panel
  2. Select System
  3. Select System Protection
  4. Click on the drive used, for example C:
  5. Click the Configure button
  6. Reduce Disk Space Usage capacity 
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  7. Delete the old restore point by clicking the Delete button => clicking OK
  8. Create a new restore point by clicking the Create button => Give it a name => click Create
Those are some ways to solve the problem of an empty but full hardisk and flashdisk in Windows. Hope this helps, if it still doesn't work, please comment below.
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