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How to Install Windows 10

The following are the steps for installing Windows 10 on a laptop and a PC using bootable media in the form of a flash disk, external hard drive

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how-to-install-windows-10

The following are the steps for installing Windows 10 on a laptop and a PC using bootable media in the form of a flashdisk, external hardisk, or DVD.

We have arranged this tutorial in order, complete with pictures to make it easier for you to follow the steps.

1. Preparation

Before starting, there are a number of things you need to prepare first, namely:
  1. Make sure your laptop meets the minimum specifications to run Windows 10.
  2. Enough free space on the hardisk. Windows 10 has a capacity of around 10 GB for the 32-bit version and 15 GB for the 64-bit version.
  3. Smooth internet connection to download the Windows 10 ISO and perform updates after install.
  4. An empty flashdisk with a minimum capacity of 8GB to make a bootable disk, you can also use an external hardisk or DVD if you have one (choose what you want).

2. Download the Windows 10 ISO

Next, we will download the Windows 10 ISO file that you want to install on your laptop. At this stage you have to choose the ISO version that matches your laptop architecture, whether 32-bit or 64-bit.

Also determine which version of Windows you want to use. There are currently several versions available, namely:
  • Windows 10 Professional 32-bit.
  • Windows 10 Professional 64-bit.
  • Windows 10 Home 32-bit.
  • Windows 10 Home 64-bit.
  • Windows 10 Education 32-bit.
  • Windows 10 Education 64-bit.
  • Windows 10 Enterprise 32-bit.
  • Windows 10 Enterprise 64-bit.
You can download the ISO file directly from the Microsoft website, please see how here:

3. Make a bootable device

After having the ISO file, then we will convert the file into an installer file into a bootable device. Can use a flashdisk, external hardisk, or DVD. Please select which device is possible for you to use.

There are two methods that can be used to make Windows 10 bootable, namely using applications such as Rufus and WinToFlash or without an application.

Here is a tutorial that you can use as a guide:
  • How to make a bootable Windows 10 with a flashdisk.
  • How to make Windows 10 bootable with an external hardisk.
  • How to make Windows 10 bootable  DVD.
After the bootable device is finished, the next step is to start the install process. Before starting, make sure the battery on the laptop is fully charged, or it is safer to connect it to a charger.

4. Steps to install Windows 10

Here is how to install Windows 10 step by step:

1. Restart the computer and enter the BIOS

First restart your laptop, then enter BIOS / UEFI mode.

To enter the BIOS, you can do this by pressing a key on a certain keyboard many times when the new laptop turns on.

The keys that are pressed are different for each brand, you can adjust it to the brand of laptop used.

Following are the keyboard keys that must be pressed to enter the BIOS based on the laptop / motherboard brand:

BrandKeyboard keys
AcerF2, Del
ASRockF2, Del
AsusF2, Del
DellF2, F12
Gigabyte (Aorus)F2, Del
HPEsc, F10
LenovoF2, Fn + F2
Lenovo DesktopF1
Lenovo ThinkPadEnter + F1
MSIDel
Microsoft SurfacePress + hold the volume up button
Origin PCF2
SamsungF2
SonyF1, F2, F3
ToshibaF2
ZotacDel

The table lists the keys that must be pressed to enter the BIOS on each brand of laptop or motherboard

2. Change the boot device order in the BIOS

After successfully entering the BIOS, then we need to change the first order of the boot device into a flashdisk, external hardisk, or DVD that is used as a bootable device.

You do this by going to the Boot menu => selecting the Boot Device Priority menu.

change-the-boot-device-order-in-bios

Then change the order by increasing the bootable device you are using  the first order.

For example, if you use a Flashdisk, make the Flashdisk the first sequence.

windows-10-bootable-settings-in-bios

The menu for changing the boot device order may vary on each motherboard, which can be called Boot List Options, Change Boot Order, Boot Option Priorities, or First Boot Device.

In essence, you have to change the order of the device used to boot (boot device) into the first one, please adjust it to the type of BIOS / UEFI that is on your laptop or PC.

To change the order, press the Page up / Page down, F5 / F6, or + / - button.

This button is different on each motherboard, you can see the information in the BIOS on the right side panel.

After finishing setting the bootable device sequence, press the F10 key on the keyboard, then select OK / Yes.

3. Continue booting into Windows 10

After changing the first sequence of boot devices in the BIOS to bootable Windows 10, the computer will automatically reboot. If successful then you will see the computer booting into the Windows installer.

If you see a message on the screen that reads “ Press any key to boot from USB ” then press the Enter key or any key to continue booting with the Flashdisk.

boot-windows-10-using-a-flashdisk

Next you will see the loading screen Windows 10, just wait for it to finish. When finished, it will automatically enter the installer window.

loading-installer-windows-10

4. Select the desired language

In the first Windows 10 installer window you will be asked to select Language, Time and currency format, and Keyboard.

In the Language option, select English United States or English United Kingdom. In Time and currency format, select English United States. In the Keyboard option, select US.

Then click the Next button.

selec-language-and-region

Then click on the Install Now button.

start-the-windows-10-install-process

5. Enter the license code, if any

If you already have an original Windows 10 license or activation code, then you can enter it at this stage.

But for those who don't have it, you can press the I don't have a product key and then press the Next button.

enter-the-original-windows-10-product-key-license

6. Select the version of Windows 10 you want to install

The next step is to choose the version of Windows 10 that you want to install.

The ISO used in this tutorial is Windows 10 All in one, so it includes all versions of Windows 10 (Home, Pro, Education).

Please choose whichever version you want, don't forget to adjust the architecture version 32-bit / 64-bit according to the laptop or PC you are using.

choose-the-version-of-windows-10-to-install

After that click the Next button.

7. Check I accept the license terms

In the next window, check the option I accept the license terms then click the Next button.

windows-10-install-process

8. Select Custom Install

In the next window you will see two options, namely Upgrade and Custom.

Here is the explanation:

The Upgrade option means you will install Windows 10 but the settings and files that were in the previous version of Windows (Windows 7, 8, 10) will not be removed but will be moved to the newly installed Windows 10.

This option is not recommended because it will usually cause a lot of problems and conflicts between old Windows settings and applications and the new Windows 10.

The Custom option means that you will do a clean install. Previous versions of Windows will be completely erased and replaced with a fresh copy of Windows 10 to be installed.

This option is recommended for you to use.

Please click on the Custom option.

choose-custom-install-windows-10

9. Select the hardisk or SSD partition where Windows 10 is installed

Next, the installer window will display a list of hardisk partitions on your laptop or PC.

You are asked to choose which partition to use to install Windows 10.

This stage is very important and cannot be mistaken.

Note the list of partitions displayed, select the partition you want to use as the location to install Windows 10.

If your laptop has used another previous version of Windows, then usually the hardisk or SSD in it has been divided into several partitions.

In general, the hard disk is divided into two main partitions, namely Drive C  programs and Drive D for data, or it could be more than that.

If the scenario, then like that makes sure you select the C Drive partition to install Windows 10 so that other partitions used to store data are not deleted.

After that click on the Format option => select Yes.

choose-a-partition-to-install-windows-10

However, if you are using a new laptop with a hardisk that has not been partitioned, you will see that there is only one option there that says Drive 0 Unallocated space.

clean-install-windows-10-by-deleting-all-partitions

Then you select the drive.

After selecting the correct drive partition, and you are sure it is correct, then click the Next button.

10. Wait until the install process is complete

The install process will start and you can see the percentage as an indicator.

the-windows-10-install-process-is-running

At this stage your PC or laptop will restart several times, all you need to do is leave it alone until the install process is completing 100%.
Note: if during the restart process the message " Press any key to boot from USB " appears again to then just ignore it, no need to press any keys. You only need to wait until the install process is complete.
Also make sure that in this process, there are no interruptions such as a drop in laptop battery or an unplugged PC power source.

5. Initial setup after installing Windows 10

After the install process is complete, remove the flashdisk, external hardisk, or DVD that is used as a bootable media.

The computer will restart automatically and enter the new Windows 10 to finish the install process.

You will see the Windows 10 logo display with the description Getting devices ready. Just wait until the loading process is completing 100%.

getting-device-ready

Next we will do the initial setup on Windows 10, follow the steps below:

1. Select the Region option

The first setting that you should choose is the region setting, at this stage you can choose the region of United Kingdom or the United States (preferably choosing this).

After that click on the Yes button.

set-windows-10-region

2. Select the keyboard layout

In the keyboard option, select US then click on the Yes button.

select-the-keyboard-type

Then the question will appear Want to add a second keyboard layout? You select Skip.

keyboard-settings-after-installing-windows-10

3. Select personal use

Next, you will be asked to choose what Windows 10 is used for, whether for personal or organizational use.

Click on the option Set up for personal use.

choose-the-type-of-use-of-windows-10

4. Skip is connecting Windows 10 to the internet

Then an option will appear to continue the Windows 10 install process while the laptop is connected to the internet. At this stage it is recommended to do it offline only so that the process is faster.

When a window appears asking Lets connect you to a network you click on the I don't have internet button.

Then click again on the Limited experience option.

continue-to-install-windows-10-offline

5. Create your username and password

Next, you will be asked to create a username and password.

In the Who's going to use this PC windows, fill in the username you want. After that click on the Next button.

create-a-new-username

In the Create a super memorable password windows 10 => fill in the password you want.

create-a-windows-10-login-password

This password will be the Administrator password as well as login to Windows 10.

After that click on the Next button.

6. Set security questions

Next, you will be asked to create three questions, this question functions as a recovery method when you forget a user password.

Please make select any question and fill in the answer  things that are easy for you to remember.

make-a-security-question

After that click on the Next button.

7. Privacy settings

In the Choose privacy settings for your device window, you can turn off or activate any options that you don't think are needed, then click on the Accept button.

manage-your-windows-10-privacy

8. Setting activity history

In the next window you will be asked to activate the Activity history setting. Select No.

activity-history-settings

9. Cortana settings

Finally you will be asked to activate Cortana . You can do this later, to speed up the Windows 10 installation process, just select the Not now option.

set-up-cortana-windows-10

10. Windows 10 will finish, wait for it to enter the desktop

Once here, Windows will carry out the final process. You just have to wait for Windows 10 to enter the desktop.

6. What you have to do after installing Windows 10

After Windows 10 enters the desktop, the install process is complete. To be ready for use, there are a few things you must do after installing Windows 10.

Here are a few tips that will help you:
Done. At this point, you have successfully installed Windows 10 on laptops and PCs using a flashdisk, external hardisk, or DVD. If you follow the steps above correctly the install process should be successful.

Want to install Windows 10 on a MacBook? Check out the tutorial here:

Questions:

Can Windows 10 be used without a license or product key?
Can. Even though you don't have a Windows 10 product key or license, you can still use it as usual. The most important thing is to use the original ISO to install Windows 10 on your laptop and PC.

Do I have to buy a license and activate Windows 10?
If you have a budget, it is advisable to buy an original Windows 10 license. But if not, then using an inactivated version of Windows is also not a problem.

What is the difference between activated and non-activated Windows 10?
The difference is only in the display personalization settings and notifications for activation.
In Windows that have not been activated, the Activate Windows watermark will appear which continues to be visible in the lower right corner of the screen. In addition, personalization settings to change the wallpaper and colors are not active.
While other features can still be used as usual.

Can Windows 10 that has not been activated be updated?
Can. You can update even if Windows 10 is not activated. Basically, there isn't a big difference between the activated versions and those that haven't. All features and functions will work normally. The difference is only as described in the previous point.

Will Windows 10 that is not activated, remain the original Windows?
Yes. Windows 10 which is installed using ISO  Microsoft's website is the original version even though it is not activated.

Good Luck.